The Analysis of Production Costs of Laying Hen Farms Using Semi Self-Mixing and Total Self-Mixing Feeds in Blitar Regency, East Java
Feed plays an important role in determining the success of livestock businesses and also as a significant cost factor. Feed contributes 60%-80% of the total production costs. The types of feed could have different effects on the cost, efficiency, and productivity of livestock business. Some laying-hen farmers in Blitar District use two kinds of feed, semi self-mixed feed, and total self-mixed feed. This study was conducted to compare the use of two types of feed on the net revenue of laying hen farmers in Blitar Regency. The research used the survey method. The sample in this research consisted of 100 laying-hen farmers in Blitar Regency, 50 of them used semi self-mixing feed and the rest used total self-mixing feed. Data were collected from several laying hen farms in Blitar Regency with a survey method. All data were then analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The average feed price of semi self-mixed feed and total self-mixed feeds were IDR 5,143.38 and IDR 4,854.91 per kg, respectively. The results showed that the feed price, cost of medication/vaccine, the amount of feed, and egg production for semi self-mixed feed farmers had significant effects on the net revenue of the farmer (p<0.05), with the average net revenue being IDR 12,785,471.68 per 1,000 birds/period. Whereas for total self-mixed feed, the medication/vaccine cost and feed amount had significant effects on the net revenue of the farmer (p<0.05), with the average net revenue being IDR 18,467,373.76 per 1,000 birds/period. As a conclusion, the total self-mixed feed showed more optimal net revenue of laying hen than semi self-mixed feed.
Altahat, E., A. Al-Sharafat, B. Al-Deseit & M. Massad. 2011. Economics of raising local goat in Jordan. Research Journal of Biological Sciences 6: 146-152.
Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Blitar. 2016. Jumlah Ternak yang Dipelihara oleh Rumah Tanggausaha Peternakan Menurut Kecamatan dan Jenis Ternak. http://blitarkab.bps.go.id/linkTabelStatis/view/id/301
Baki, B. & S. Yücel. 2017. Feed cost/production Net Revenue analysis of seabass (Dicentrarchus Labrax) aquaculture. Int. J. Ecosyst. Ecol. Sci. 7: 859-864.
Batonon-Alavo, D. I., M. U. Faruk, P. Lescoat, & G. M. Weber. 2015. Inclusion of sorghum, millet and cottonseed meal in broiler diets: a meta-analysis of effects on performance. Animal 9: 1120-1130. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731115000282
de Azevedo, D. B., R. M. L. Osorio, G. C. Malafaia, M. J. A. Matias, J. T. M. Silva. 2015. Dialogue among Stakeholders: Perspectives on the adoption of the Crop-Livestock forest integrated system (CLFIS) in Brazil. Aus. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 9: 197-208.
Emam, A. A. & A. M. Hassan. 2010. Economics of egg poultry production in Khartoum State with emphasis on the open system Sudan. Afr. J. Agr. Res. 5: 2491-2496.
Emam, A. A., & A. M. Hassan. 2010. Economics of egg poultry production in Khartoum State with emphasis on the open-system- Sudan. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 5: 2491-2496.
Floros, J. D., R. Newsome, W. Fisher, G. V. Barbosa‐Cánovas, H. Chen, C. P. Dunne , J. B. German, R. L. Hall, D. R. Heldman, M. V. Karwe, S. J. Knabel, T. P. Labuza, D. B. Lund, M. Newell‐McGloughlin, J. L. Robinson, J. G. Sebranek, R. L. Shewfelt, W. F. Tracy, C. M. Weaver, G. R. Ziegler. 2010. Feeding the world today and tomorrow: the importance of food science and technology. Comprehens. Rev. Food Sci. Food Safety. 9: 572-599. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-4337.2010.00127.x
Jeroch, H., Warmia, & Mazury. 2011. Recommendations for energy and nutrients of layers: a critical review. Lohman Information 46: 1-61.
Lestariasih, N. K. L. & I. K. Sudiana. 2019. Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pendapatan peternak telur ayam buras di Kecamatan Penebel Kabupaten Tabanan. E-Jurnal EP Unud. 8: 211-243.
Liu, S. Y. & P. H. Selle. 2015. A consideration of starch and protein digestive dynamics in chicken-meat production. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 71: 297-310. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933915000306
Malarvizhi, V. & K. T. Geetha. 2015. Economic cost & profit assessment of poultry farming in Namakkal District. J. Manage. Sci. 5: 42-55.
Mateos, G. G., E. Jiménez-Moreno, M. P. Serrano, & R. P. Lázaro. 2012. Poultry response to high levels of dietary fiber sources varying in physical and chemical characteristics. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 21: 156-174. https://doi.org/10.3382/japr.2011-00477
Mehdi, Y., M. P. Letourneau-Montminy, M. L. Gaucher, Y. Chorfi, G. Suresh, T. Rouissi, S. K. Brar. C. Cote, A. A. Ramirez, & S. Godbout. 2018. Use of antibiotics in broiler production: Global impacts and alternatives. Anim. Nutr. 4: 170-178. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.aninu.2018.03.002
Niederhoff, J. A., & P. Kouvelis. 2019. Effective and necessary: Individual supplier behavior in revenue sharing and wholesale contracts. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 277: 1060-1071. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2019.03.038
Nkukwana, T. T. 2018. Global poultry production: Current impact and future outlook on the South African poultry industry. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 48: 869-884. https://doi.org/10.4314/sajas.v48i5.7
Nzioka, S. M., E. O. Mungube, M. D. Mwangi, L. Muhammed, & J. M. Wambua. 2017. The quantity and quality of feed available to indigenous chickens under the scavenging system in semi-arid Eastern Kenya. E. Afr. Agric. Forestry J. 82: 57-69. https://doi.org/10.1080/00128325.2016.1253324
Osti, R., D. Zhou, V. Singh, D. Bhattarai, & H. Chaudhary. 2016. An Economic Analysis of Poultry Egg Production in Nepal. Pakistan J. Nutr. 15: 715-724.
Permatahati, D., R. Mutia, & D. A. Astuti. 2019. Efect of cricket meal (Gryllus bimaculatus) on production and physical quality of japanese quail egg. Trop. Anim. Sci. J. 42: 53-58. https://doi.org/10.5398/tasj.2019.42.1.53
Prawitasari, R. H., V. D. Y. B. Ismadi, & I. Estiningdriati. 2012. Kecernaan protein kasar dan serat kasar serta laju digesta pada ayam arab yang diberi ransum dengan berbagai level azolla microphylla. Anim. Agric. Jurnal Agripet. 1: 31-36.
Saran, S. K. & M. Gayol. 2010. Economics of broiler and layer farming in Punjab. Int. J. Commerce Bus. Manag. 3: 186-189.
Sultoni, A., A. Malik, & W. Widodo. 2006. Pengaruh penggunaan berbagai konsentrat pabrikan terhadap optimalisasi konsumsi pakan, hen day production, dan konversi pakan. Jurnal Protein 14: 103-105.
Tugiyanto, Priyono, & R. F. Mudawaroh. 2013. Analisis pendapatan dan efisiensi usaha ayam ras petelur di Kabupaten Wonosobo. Jurnal: Surya Agritama 2: 31-41.
Ulfa, Z., W. Sarengat, & S. I. Santoso. 2014. Analisis finansial usaha peternakan ayam petelur ud. balebat di desa karang kobar kecamatan sukorejo kabupaten kendal (financial analysis of layer at ud. balebat in karang kobar village sukorejo District Kendal Regency). Ani. Agric. J. 3: 476-482.
Verbeke, W., T. Spranghers, P. D. Clercq, S. D. Smet, B. Sas, & M. Eeckhout. 2015. Insects in animal feed: Acceptance and its determinants among farmers, agriculture sector stakeholders and citizens. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 204: 72-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2015.04.001
Yang, C., M. A. K. Chowdhury, Y. Huo, & J. Gong. 2015. Phytogenic compounds as alternatives to in-feed antibiotics: potentials and challenges in application. Pathogens 4: 137-156. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens4010137
Yusuf, S. A. & O. Malomo. 2007. Technical efficiency of poultry egg production in ogun State: a data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 6: 622-629. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2007.622.629
Copyright (c) 2020 Tropical Animal Science Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors submitting manuscripts should understand and agree that copyright of manuscripts of the article shall be assigned/transferred to Tropical Animal Science Journal. The statement to release the copyright to Tropical Animal Science Journal is stated in Form A. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA) where Authors and Readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.