Effect of Cash crops on Land Surface Temperature Urban Area, Temanggung Regency

Pengaruh Cash Crops Terhadap Temperatur Permukaan Lahan Kawasan Perkotaan Kabupaten Temanggung

  • Bitta Pigawati Universitas Diponegoro
  • Reinhart Christopher Junjungan
Keywords: Cash Crop, Land Surface Temperature

Abstract

Temanggung Regency is a tobacco producing area with high quality and price. Tobacco is one of the cash crops cultivated in Indonesia. Most of the farmers' income in Temanggung Regency comes from tobacco plantations. The last few decades have seen tobacco crop failures due to climate variability. The existence of vegetated land affects the surface temperature of the land. High land surface temperatures have an impact on human comfort and health. Most of the plantation areas in Temanggung Regency are used for cash crop plants. This study aims to examine the effect of cash crop which is the main source of income for farmers on the land surface temperature of the Temanggung Regency Urban Area. Using a quantitative descriptive method with a spatial approach and Landsat 5, 7, 8 satellite imagery as the main data source. The quality of the cash crop was detected from the greenness of the plant using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). Research result. shows that cash crop has a strong influence on the surface temperature of the study area (R = 1). The temperature of the land surface increased from 25.04 oC to 25.01 oC in the period 1999-2019. Even though there was an increase in temperature in urban area, it was still in a safe condition based on the Paris Agreement reference.

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Published
2021-04-01
How to Cite
Pigawati, B., & Junjungan, R. C. (2021). Effect of Cash crops on Land Surface Temperature Urban Area, Temanggung Regency: Pengaruh Cash Crops Terhadap Temperatur Permukaan Lahan Kawasan Perkotaan Kabupaten Temanggung. Jurnal Ilmu Tanah Dan Lingkungan, 23(1), 22-27. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitl.23.1.22-27