Journal of Tropical Silviculture 2022-11-04T15:12:49+07:00 Bambang Hero Saharjo Open Journal Systems <p><strong>JURNAL SILVIKULTUR TROPIKA</strong> (<strong>J-SILTROP</strong>) atau <em>Journal of Tropical Silviculture</em> adalah jurnal yang terbit tiga kali dalam setahun. <strong>J-SILTROP</strong> menerbitkan artikel tentang sains dan teknologi silvikultur yang berhubungan dengan hutan tropika seperti botani, fisiologi, ekologi, tanah, genetika, proteksi, patologi, entomologi, kebakaran, daerah aliran sungai, biodiversitas, bioteknologi, agroforestri, reklamasi dan restorasi. Tulisan-tulisan ilmiah diterbitkan dalam bentuk artikel hasil-hasil penelitian (<em>article</em>), ulas balik (<em>reviews</em>), catatan penelitian (<em>notes</em>), hipotesa (<em>hypothesis</em>), maupun komunikasi (<em>communication</em>) di bidang silvikultur hutan tropika.</p> Respon Pertumbuhan Stek Pucuk Kenanga (Cananga odorata) terhadap Pemberian Media Tanam dan Zat Pengatur Tumbuh 2022-11-04T15:12:49+07:00 Irdika Mansur Taufan Nugraha <p><em>Essential oil which is contained on most trees is one of the promising Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) that need to be explored and developed further, for the oil is relatively safe and stores major benefits for local people. There are around 9 -12 types of essential oil that is being developed and one of them is cananga oil, which is available through distillation process of the flowers. The research aims to investigate the ability of cananga to be propagated trough shoot cuttings method, to discover the effects of growing media and plant growth regulators toward the shoot cuttings’ growth and to determine the suitable growth media and plant growth regulators for the cuttings’ development. The collected data were survival rate in percentage, root growth in percentage, height growth, numbers of developed leaf, numbers of developed primary and secondary roots, and also the length of primary roots. The addition of plant growth regulators gave a significant effect toward survival rate (in percentage), height growth and the numbers of developed leaf of the species whereas the addition of growing media and the interaction between the treatments did not give significant effect on the observed traits. All type of media options could be used for cananga shoot cuttings method and the best growth regulator identified in live percentage parameters, high growth and number of leaves on cananga shoot cutting is Rotoone-F. However, in case of rooting, the best growth regulator is found in addition of Rapid root.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Cuttings, Cananga, Media, Plant Gowth Regulator</em></p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Irdika Mansur, Taufan Nugraha Kesesuaian Lahan Jenis Tanaman Kehutanan Pada Areal Lahan Terbuka Di Kawasan Hutan Pendidikan Gunung Walat (Hpgw), Sukabumi Jawa Barat 2022-11-04T15:12:44+07:00 Supriyanto Supriyanto Muhammad Hasan Sayid <p><em>Gunung Walat Education Forest is a Special Purpose Forest for Education. At present many areas have lost their vegetation cover (trees) or become opened areas in the GWEF area. Land suitability by looking at topography, soil and climate factors needs to be done to find out the type of forestry plant that is suitable for planting on the open areas. Stages of land suitability, is consisted of image processing, visual interpretation of satellite imagery, ground checks, soil and litter observations, data collection on soil physical and chemical properties and climate, land characteristic observations, and matching processes. The results of matching with Liebeg's minimum law and scoring system showed that eucalypt (E. grandis), sengon (F. moluccana), caliandra (C. calothyrsus), mahagoni (S. mahagoni), pine (P. merkusii), lamtoro (F. moluccana), cajuput (M. leucadendron), damar (A. loranthifolia), acacia (A. auriculiformis), and rasamala (A. excelsa) are suitable for planting in open areas in the Gunung Walat Education Forest (GWEF). While teak (T. grandis) is not suitable for planting in opened areas in the GWEF.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Forest tree, GWEF, land suitability, opened area.</em></p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Supriyanto, Muhammad Hasan Sayid Respon Pertumbuhan Stek Batang Gamal (Gliricidia sepium) pada Berbagai Ukuran Bahan dan Pemberian Monosodium Glutamat (MSG) 2022-11-04T15:12:40+07:00 Andi Sukendro I Putu Wita Wardana Dharma Dikari <p><em>Gamal (Gliricidia sepium) is a plant that has many benefit in several aspect including ecology, economic and social. The purpose of the study was to obtain the respon of gamal cuttings to the administration of Monosodium Glutamate </em>(MSG)<em> and to obtain the best cuttings size. This research used a completely randomized design </em>(CDR) <em>with 2 factors, namely </em>MSG<em> and material size. The result showed that the interaction of </em>MSG<em> administration and differences in material size did not significantly affect each parameter tested. The treatment of </em>MSG<em> alone also had no effect, while treatment of differences in the size of the material significantly affected the parameters of shoot length and root length. Gamal stem cuttings has the best growth using 70 cm long material. </em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Gliricidia sepium, material size, </em>MSG<em>, stem cuttings</em></p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Andi Sukendro, I Putu Wita Wardana Dharma Dikari Respon Pertumbuhan Bibit Ylang-Ylang terhadap Persaingan dengan Rumput Signal dan Penambahan NPK 2022-11-04T15:12:36+07:00 Irdika Mansur Ega Diany <p><em>The application of silvopasture between the ylang-ylang </em><em>(Cananga odorata forma enuine) plant and the signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens)</em> <em>has the potential to produce large economic value. The purpose of this study was to determine the response of ylang-ylang seedling growth to competition with grass signals without or with the addition of NPK, and to find out the optimal dose of NPK fertilizer that could help the growth of ylang-ylang seeds planted with grass signals. This study was conducted using a factorial pattern in a complete randomized design with the first factor being planting signal grass and the second factor was adding NPK fertilizer. The results of this study indicate that planting signal grass and adding NPK as much as 0,75 g significantly affected to the growth of ylang-ylang seedlings. The presence of signal grass in the same media showed no inhibition of the growth of ylang-ylang seedlings. The addition of NPK with the dose used did not significantly affect the growth of ylang-ylang seeds. </em></p> <p><em>Keywords:&nbsp; Brachiaria decumbens, Cananga odorata, NPK fertilizer dosage, silvopasture</em></p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Irdika Mansur, Ega Diany Komposisi Struktur dan Penyebaran Bidara (Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.) pada Savana Bekol Taman Nasional Baluran 2022-11-04T15:12:33+07:00 Istomo Istomo Ariyani Pramudita Utami <p><em>Savanna is the icon of Baluran National Park. The endemic species of Bekol Savana is bekol or bidara (Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.). Emerge complication instant exotic like Acacia nilotica spread in Savanna for nature fire burning partition plant. Growth of A. nilotica is invasive so can be change nature conditition of savanna. The goals are to know composition structure and pattern distribution of Z. mauritiana in raise savanna and invasive savanna. Examination did with rectangular plot of analisis vegetation as purposive sampling in wide 20 m x 60 m in 10 plot each location. The result shows the structure in raise savanna is opened area and have density of grass is abundant than density tree is low and the invasive savanna is change to be closed A. nilotica forest. Density of Z. mauritiana in raise savanna is more which 3 364/ind/ha than invasive savanna is 260 ind/ha. Pattern distribution of Z. mauritiana in Bekol Savanna is clumped. Biofisic factors can be straddling of Z. mauritiana are open area, clay loam teksture, alkaline pH and arid season.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Bekol Savanna in Baluran National Park, Bidara (Z. mauritiana), pattern distribution, structure</em></p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Istomo, Ariyani Pramudita Utami Potensi Kebakaran Hutan BKPH Dander, KPH Bojonegoro, Jawa Timur 2022-11-04T15:12:21+07:00 Bambang Hero Saharjo Rizkia Ajeng Setya Wintanti <p><em>The potential of forest fires in BKPH Dander KPH Bojonegoro can be assessed based on forest fires sourse, the control efforts, and rainfall. This study aims to analyze the source of forest fires and the control efforts done by BKPH Dander, and analyze the level of vulnerability of forest fires based on rainfall. The data used is divided into primary data and secondary data. Average annual rainfall in last 5 years is 1 788.8 mm/years with total area of forest fires 44.66 Ha and total loss approximately Rp5.645.300. The potential of forest fires based on land clearing in BKPH Dander are medium, meanwhile the potential by conflict caused of the burning activity by some perpetrator with their own circumstances and for thair needs. Optimalization the control effort of forest fires showing good result, it caused by the cooperation of community's high awarness and participation to protect and sustaining forest environment.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Community participation, Forest fire, KPH Bojonegoro, prevention, potency.</em></p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Bambang Hero Saharjo, Rizkia Ajeng Setya Wintanti Pengaruh Pemberian Kompos Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Ylang-Ylang (Cananga odorata forma genuine) 2022-11-04T15:12:14+07:00 Irdika Mansur Muhammad Ridwan Baihaqi <p><em>The high economic value of </em>ylang-ylang<em> oil has encouraged some entrepreneurs to develop </em>ylang-ylang<em> plants in Indonesia, especially in terms of increasing productivity. The objectives of this research were to analyze the effect of two types of commercial compost and identify optimal dosage for the growth of </em>ylang-ylang<em> seedlings. The research was carried out through several stages, e.g. the procurement of seeds, weaning, maintenance, collecting and retrieving data, experimental design, hypothesis and data analysis. The research revealed that the use of two types of compost, with four doses used significantly affects the height parameter of the </em>ylang-ylang<em> seedlings. The use of doses of 25 g was able to increase the growth of </em>ylang-ylang<em> seeds better than other doses. </em></p> <p><em>Keywords: commercial, compost, </em>ylang-ylang</p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Irdika Mansur, Muhammad Ridwan Baihaqi Pertumbuhan Sengon Lokal (Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) Nielsen) dan Produktivitas Padi Gogo (Oryza sativa L.) Varietas Inpago LIPI Go2 dalam Sistem Agroforestri 2022-11-04T15:12:29+07:00 Nurheni Wijayanto Nurhayati Nurhayati <p><em>Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria </em>(L.) Nielsen<em>) is a fast-growing and widely cultivated species in Indonesia. In addition, sengon is a type that is easy to adapt to the environmental conditions in which it grows. Upland rice (Oryza sativa </em>L.<em>) is a type of rice that is tolerant to drought. Sengon and upland rice in agroforestry can be an alternative in more effective land use. This study aims to measure local sengon growth, determine the productivity of upland rice in Inpago LIPI Go2 variety and light intensity in the sengon 1.5 m x 1.5 m and 1.5 m x 3 m line planting in agroforestry systems. Data analysis was performed by testing variance at the level of 0.05% and if the treatment had a significant effect, it was tested further using the Tukey Test. The results of this study indicate that sengon in the 6 months after planting is not affected by pathway treatment, but line planting treatment has a significant effect on upland rice productivity results. Beside age factor of sengon, it can be several other factors such as pest and disease attacks on sengon or upland rice.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: agroforestry, light intensity, sengon, upland rice</em></p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nurheni Wijayanto, Nurhayati Penyusunan Kunci Identifikasi pada Anakan Jenis-Jenis Anggota Marga Shorea Roxb. ex Gaertner f 2022-11-04T15:12:24+07:00 Iwan Hilwan Dhafin Maulidiyan <p><em>Since long time ago, the diversity of tree species derives humankind to use forest resources as comodity that fulfill primary needs such as foods, clothes, and houses. Ability to identify tree species becomes necessary to ease the utilization of plants. Shorea, with common vernicular name as </em>meranti<em> from family of the Dipterocarpaceae, is one of the prominent tree species from Indonesia which produce good quality timber. In order to maintain the productivity of timber, there should be a proper management of Shorea timber stand. One of the recipes are maintaining the natural regeneration of seedling. Identification of Shorea seedling is required to prevent the unwanted species grows on the stand. This research was taken on January until April 2019 in Nursery Center of Forestry Research and Development, Bogor city. Data collected will be analyse by arrange data into matrices and then the identification key can be created. Special characteristic of Shorea morphology is the type of third vein scalariform veination, has a gland on leaves surface, has a stipule, and then mostly has a swollen and kneed petiole (geniculate).</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Dipterocarpaceae, identification key, morphology, seedling, Shorea</em></p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Iwan Hilwan, Dhafin Maulidiyan Peran Masyarakat dalam Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan di KPH Cepu, Jawa Tengah 2022-11-04T15:12:17+07:00 Bambang Hero Saharjo Indah Artaningsih <p><em>Forest Fire is one form of forest destruction. The cause of forest fires is usually due to the clearing of forest areas used for agricultural land. There are 2 factors for forest fires namely natural and human factors. Natural factors are caused by volcanic and lightning eruptions, then human factors due to the clearing of forest areas for agricultural areas. This study aims to examine the efforts and role of the community in controlling forest fires at KPH Cepu, Central Java. The highest incidence of forest fires occurred in 2015 with a frequency of 40 times with a total area of land that burned 140.0 Ha. Forest fires in 2015 were the largest forest fires in the Cepu KPH, costing Rp38.292.909. The form of control carried out by the KPH Cepu itself is through counseling or socialization related to fire and how to deal with it in the event of a fire. The form of direct counseling is given to the LMDH community association, RT association, and other unspecified associations. Community participation is very high in prevention and blackout activities at KPH Cepu, Central Java.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Factors, participation, control of forest fires</em></p> 2022-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Bambang Hero Saharjo, Indah Artaningsih