Pengamatan dan Pemetaan Penyakit Busuk Pangkal Batang di Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Menggunakan Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) dan Kamera Multispektral
Surveillance and Mapping of Basal Stem Rot Disease in Oil Palm Plantation Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and Multispectral Camera
Basal stem rot (BSR) disease caused by Ganoderma boninensis is still a major disease in oil palm plantations both in Indonesia and Malaysia. In some countries, remote sensing approach has been used for monitoring BSR in oil palm plantation. However, the utilization of satellite imagery in remote sensing especially in vegetation study on the tropical region was often limited by cloud cover. A drone or unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) utilization is the best way to deal with cloud cover in the tropic region. Machine learning of random forest (RF) and satellite imagery used in the BSR study produced good accuracy. This research was aimed to identify and monitor the BSR infection on individual oil palm trees using an UAV and multispectral camera and RF classification. The results showed that the data acquired from UAV was affected by cloud shadows. The RF classification of healthy and infected oil palm trees by BSR disease and the spreading map of BSR infection was affected by cloud shadows. The highest accuracy of healthy and infected oil palm by BSR was 79.49%. Reflectance calibrator, digital to reflectance conversion, and model implications to build spreading map of BSR infection need to be conducted both on the clear area and the cloud shadow-covered area. Moreover, the UAV-based data should be considering the cloud view on the coverage area.
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