Pemanfaatan SIG untuk Pemetaan Kawasan Produksi Komoditas Unggulan Tanaman Pangan di Kabupaten Pacitan

GIS Utilization for Mapping the Leading Food Crops Commodities Production Area in Pacitan Regency

  • Agung Jauhari Program Studi Sistem Informasi Geografis, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Keywords: Geographic Information System, food crops, hot spot analysis, leading commodities

Abstract

GIS Utilization for Mapping the Leading Food Crops Commodities Production Area
in Pacitan Regency

Nowadays, the regional development planning concept focuses on the development of remote and rural areas. The agricultural sector, particularly food crops, cannot be separated from the development of rural areas. Development of leading food crop commodities based on production can be accelerated using Geographic Information System (GIS). The objectives of this research are to identify leading food crop commodities in Pacitan Regency and to map their production areas. Analyses of Sectoral Contribution Index, Growth Ratio Model, Dynamic Location Quotient (DLQ), Supply-Demand Ratio, and Composite Index were conducted to identify the leading food crop commodities. Meanwhile, the production area of those food crops were determined by utilizing Hot Spot (Getis Ord Gi*) analysis on village unit. The results show that cassava, corn, and rice are leading food crop commodities in Pacitan Regency. Hot Spot analysis results show that there are two clusters of leading food crop commodity development: the Northeast and Northwest of Pacitan Regency. Northeast around Bandar District, is the center production of cassava, corn, and rice. Meanwhile, Northwest around Punung District, is the location of rice production. This research is expected to contribute to policy formulation to determine leading food crop commodities and developing agropolitan area in Pacitan Regency.

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Published
2020-10-31
How to Cite
Jauhari, A. (2020). Pemanfaatan SIG untuk Pemetaan Kawasan Produksi Komoditas Unggulan Tanaman Pangan di Kabupaten Pacitan : GIS Utilization for Mapping the Leading Food Crops Commodities Production Area in Pacitan Regency. Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah Dan Perdesaan), 4(3), 154-171. https://doi.org/10.29244/jp2wd.2020.4.3.154-171