Status Nutrisi Kerbau Betina di Peternakan Rakyat Cibungbulang: Pengaruh Suplementasi Indigofera sp dan Gaplek terhadap Perubahan Profil Darah

Asep Sudarman, N Hidayati, S Suharti

Abstract


This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Indigofera sp and cassava flake supplementation on the nutritional status of female buffaloes fed on rice straw and field grasses in smallholder farmers in Cibungbulang, Bogor. This study used four female buffaloes of 4-10 years old and an average body weight of 428.88 ± 86.05 kg. The treatments were T0 = without supplementation and T1 = supplementation of 50% Indigofera leaf and 50% cassava flake. The variables observed were body weight gain, blood glucose, cholesterol, total protein, albumin, hematocrit and hemoglobin. Data were analyzed using Paired Samples T-test. The results showed that the nutritional status of buffaloes that were reared in semi-intensive were in normal condition. Supplementation of Indigofera sp and cassava has a positive influence on body weight gain, blood metabolite levels, hematocrit and hemoglobin of female buffaloes. Daily weight gain was obtained at 732.1 g head-1day-1.   Blood glucose increased from 53.97 to 60.86 mg dL-1, albumin from 3.44 to 3.78 g dL-1, blood cholesterol from 37.43 to 50.84 mg dL-1 and hematocrit from 26.75 to 29.75%.  The conclusion is that giving supplements of Indigofera and cassava for two weeks can improve the nutritional status of buffaloes reared traditionally.


Keywords


blood metabolite, buffalo, cassava flake, hematocrit, haemoglobin, Indigofera sp

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, L & Suharlina. 2010. Herbage yield and quality of two vegetative parts of Indigofera at different time of first regrowth defoliation. Media Peternakan. 33:44-49

Arthur, GH, David EN & Pearson H. 2001. Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. 8th ed. Bailliere Tindall, London.

BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2016. Statistik Indonesia 2016. Jakarta (ID): Badan Pusat Statistik [diunduh 23 Maret 2017]. Tersedia pada: http://www.bps.go.id/.

Guyton MD & Hall JE. 1997. Fisiologi Kedokteran. Setiawan I, editor. Jakarta (ID): Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Hardjopranjoto H.S. 1995. Ilmu Kemajiran pada Ternak. Surabaya (ID): Airlangga University Press.

Hartadi HS, Reksohadiprodjo &Tillman AD. 1997. Tabel Komposisi Pakan untuk Indonesia. Yogyakarta (ID). Gadjah Mada University Press.

Joseph G. 1996. Status asam basa dan metabolisme mineral pada ternak kerbau lumpur yang diberi pakan jerami padi dan konsentrat dengan penambahan natrium [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Kaneko JJ. 1997. Serum proteins and dysproteinemia. Di dalam Kaneko J.J., J.W. Harvey, M.L. Bruss, Editor. Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. Edisi 5. Academic Press. London. Pp. 117 – 138.

Kearl LC. 1982. Nutrition Requirements of Ruminants in Developing Countries. International Feedstuff Utah Agriculture Experiment Station. 1st editor. Logan (US): Utah State University.

Khan HM, Bhakat M, Mohanty TK, Gupta AK, Raina VS & Mir MS. 2009. Peripartum reproductive disorders in buffaloes-An overview. Online Veterinary Journal. 4 (2): 38

Kristianto L. K. 2007. Pengembangan perbibitan kerbau kalang dalam menunjang agrobisnis dan agrowisata di Kalimantan Timur. Pros. Semiloka Kerbau. Jambi (ID): Pusat penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan Bogor

Lassen ED. 2005. Laboratory evaluation of plasma and serum protein. Di dalam Thrall MA, editor. Veterinary Hematology and Clinical Chemistry. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Maryland.

Martini FH, Ober WC, Garrison C & Weleh K. 1992. Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology. Edisi 2. New Jersey (US): Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

Murray RK, Granner DK, Mayes PA, & Rodwell VW.2003. Biokimia Harper. Edisi ke-25. Jakarta (ID): EGC.

Murti TW & Ciptadi G. 2012. Kerbau Perah dan Kerbau Kerja. Jakarta (ID): Mediyatama Sarana Perkasa.

Salem MB, Djemali M, Kayouli C & Majdoub A. 2006. A review of enviromental and management factors affecting the productive performance of Holstein Friesian dairy herds in Tunisia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 18(4): 123-129.

Sastradipradja D & Hartini S. 1989. Fisiologi Veteriner. Bogor (ID): IPB Press.

Soeharsono & Hermawan. E 2010. Fisiologi Ternak: Fenomena dan Nomena Dasar, Fungsi, dan Interaksi Organ pada Hewan. Bandung (ID) : Widya Padjajaran, Bandung.

Sonjaya H. 2012. Dasar Fisiologi Ternak. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor

Sudjana MA . 1997. Metode Statistik Edisi ke-5. Bandung : Tarsito.

Sudono A & Rusdiana RF, Setiawan BS. 2003. Beternak Sapi Perah secara Intensif. Jakarta (ID): Agromedia Pustaka.

Throop J L, Kerl ME & Cohn LA. 2004. Albumin in health and disease: causes and treatment of hypoalbuminemia. Compendium. 26: 940-948.

Toelihere MR. 2006. Ilmu Kebidanan pada Ternak Sapi dan Kerbau. Jakarta (ID): UI Press.

Wetterman RP, Hill GM & Boyd ME. 2003. Reproductive performance of postpartum beef cows after short-term calf separation and dietary energy and protein supplementation. Theriogenology. 4: 433-443.

Yadav NK, Lohan JS, Singh B & Chan D. 1995. Studies on some serum constituents in anestrus buffaloes. Indian Journal Animal Research. 29: 85-88.

Yurleni. 2013. Produktivitas dan karakteristik daging kerbau dengan pemberian pakan yang mengandung asam lemak terproteksi [disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Zakaria K, Arifin M & Mawati S. 2003. Parameter darah kerbau yang mendapat pakan basal jerami padi dan tambahan urea molases. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. Bogor (ID): Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan Bogor




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.17.2.32-37

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 asep sudarman, Hidayati N, Suharti S




Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan

Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Bekerja sama dengan
Asosiasi Ahli Nutrisi dan Pakan Indonesia

ISSN : 0216-065X