The Effect of Different Energy Level on The Ration to The Mating Acceleration of Local Sheep

Lilis Khotijah, A.. Maulidina, Kukuh Budi Satoto, Komang Gede Wiryawan

Abstract


The aim of this research was to find the appropriate ration energy levels to determine the puberty time of ewes.  The study used 12 offspring female sheep obtained from crossing Jonggol ewes of Animal Science Teaching and Research Unit (JASTRU) Faculty of Animal Science IPB with Garut male sheep.   The animal age was approximately 2-3 months with the average body weight 9.79 ± 1.97 kg.   The treatments were consisted of 3 rations which have different TDN level, namely: T1= 65% TDN, T2=70% TDN and T3= 75% TDN.  The experimental design used was a completely randomized design with three treatments and four replications.   The measured parameters were feed intake, average daily gain, and the first matting age and body weight.   The data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance.   The results indicated that the ration energy levels did not significantly affected on the feed intake, average daily gain, as well as the first mating age and body weight.  The age of first mating was 180-203 days with body weight at 18-22 kg. It is concluded that the TDN level between 65% -75% has similar response to accelerate the mating of local sheep.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chelikani PK, Ambrose JD & Kennelly JJ. 2003. Effect of dietary energy and protein density on body composition, attainment of puberty and ovarian follicular dynamics of dairy heifers. Theriogenology. 60 (4):707-725

Dickerson GE. 1996. Economic importance of prolificacy in sheep. MH Fahmy, editor. Cambridge: Prolific Sheep.

EI-Saidy BEI, Gabr AA, El-Shinnawy MM & El-Badawy MM. 2008. Influence of diets supplemented with fish oil on productive and reproductive performance of growing male and female lambs. J. Agric. Sci. 33 (2): 1009–1027

Ionel R, Lucica G, Viorel M, Flavia R & Vasile Raul RP. 2012. The onset of puberty in hybrid merino ewe lambs born in autumn, in the lower Danube area Bull. UASMV. Vet. Med. 69 (1–2): 171–173

Koyuncu M & Canbolat O. 2009. Effect of different dietary energy levels on the reproductive performance of Kivircik sheep under a semi-intensive system in the South-Marmara region of Turkey. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 18: 620–62

Kusina NT, Chinuwo T, Hamudikuwanda H, Ndlovu LR & Muzanenhamo S. 2001. Effect of different dietary energy level intakes on efficiency of estrus synchronization and fertility in Mashona goat does. Small Ruminant Res. 39 (3):283-288

National Research Council. 1985. Nutrient Requirement of Sheep. Washington DC: National Academy of Science.

O’Callaghan D, Yaakub H, Hyttel P, Spicer LJ & Boland MP. 2000. Effect of nutrition and superovulation on oocyte morphology, follicular fluid composition and systemic hormone concentrations in ewes. J. of Reprod and Fertility. 118:303–313

Parakkasi A. 1999. Ilmu Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak Ruminan. Jakarta (ID): Universitas Indonesia.

Rianto E, Anggalina D, Dartosukarno S & Purnomoadi A. 2006. Di dalam: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. Pengaruh metode pemberian pakan terhadap produktivitas domba ekor tipis. Bogor (ID): IPB Press

Shirley KL, Hernandez JA, Hallford DM & Thomas MG. 2001. Serum luteinizing hormone, growth hormone, and insulin-like growth factor-I after releasing hormone challenge in prepubertal ewe lambs selected for twinning. Theriogenology. 56: 867–877

Smith OB & Akinbamijo O. 2000. Micronutrients and reproduction in farm animals. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 60-61: 549-560

Steel RGD & Torrie JH. 2003. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Terjemahan. Jakarta (ID): PT. Gramedia.

Wells NH, Hallford DM, Hernandez JA. 2003. Serum thyroid hormones and reproductive characteristics of Rambouillet ewe lambs treated with propylthiouracil before puberty. Theriogenology. 59 (5-6): 1403-141

Smith OB & Akinbamijo O. 2000. Micronutrients and reproduction in farm animals. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 60-61: 549-560

Steel RGD & Torrie JH. 2003. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Terjemahan. Jakarta (ID): PT. Gramedia.

Wells NH, Hallford DM, Hernandez JA. 2003. Serum thyroid hormones and reproductive characteristics of Rambouillet ewe lambs treated with propylthiouracil before puberty. Theriogenology. 59 (5-6): 1403-141




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.16.3.52-55

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan




Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan

Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Bekerja sama dengan
Asosiasi Ahli Nutrisi dan Pakan Indonesia

ISSN : 0216-065X