Published: Jan 18, 2011

Rice fields are considered to be among the highest sources of atmospheric methane, an important source of global warming. In order to meet the projected rice needs of the increasing world population, it is estimated that the annual world's rough rice production must increase to 760 million tons (a 65% increase) in the next 30 years. This will increase methane emissions from rice fields if current technologies are kept (Minami and Neue, 1993). Indonesia, a country of which rice is one of its staple foods, produces 43.2 M tons of rice per year (Indonesia's Central Bureau of Statistics, 1992). It is produced from wetland paddy of 9.2 M ha and 1.2 M ha dry land paddy.  

Arief Sabdo Yuwono
Read Statistic: 377

Terminologi traktor beserta peralatan dan pengoperasiannya atau yang berkaitan dengan traktor, umumnya berasal dan berkembang dari negara-negara pembuat dan pengembang traktor pertanian. Ide awal dari penyusunan terminologi ini berasal dari usulan Prof. Dr. Jun SAKAI (JICA expert), dan diterima dengan baik oleh staf Laboratorium Alat dan Mesin Budidaya Pertanian, Jurusan Teknik Pertanian, FATETA, IPB, yang juga melihat perlunya penyusunan terminologi di bidang keteknikan pertanian agar orang-orang yang bergerak di bidang keteknikan pertanian berkomunikasi dalam istilah dengan pengertian yang sama.

 

E Namaken Sembiring, Radite Praeko A S, I Nengah Suastawa, Tineke Mandang
Read Statistic: 276

The Optimum Water Management on Tidal Irrigation Land Telang I, South Sumatera

Pande Munthe, Nora H Pandjaitan
Read Statistic: 370

The ratio of specifc heat capacity, at constant presszrre to that at constant volume (cdc,J, of a gas can be determined by either the adiabatic expansion method or the sound velocity method. The objective of this experiment is apply the adiabatic expansion method for determining the spec$c heat capacity ratio of gas N2 and O2 The result showed that the ratio were 1.14 and 1.19 respectively for gas N2 and 02.T he value obtained by the experiment was d~flerenta bout 15 to 19% from the result determined by theoretical method using 5 degree of Jkeedom. Theoretically cdc,, of both gas N2 and 0 2 which have 5 degree offreedom are 1.4. The dzflerence was considered to be caused by thee xperimental condition, which were not suflciently adiabatic, as required by the method. However, the simplicity of the method and clarity of its theoretical approach is advantageous to be used by students of Advance Thermodynamic class as a practical exercise.

Wiludjeng Trisasiwi, Dyah Wulandani, Kamaruddin Abdullah, Armansyah H Tambunan
Read Statistic: 191

The more important limitation in process design for agricultural products is the lack of information on their thermal properties. Although a lot of experimental data can be found, the variety of product and the differences ij measurement method make limitation on the value of the available data, especially for indonesia'a products. These data are needed to get information about temperature change when product was processed like hetaing or cooling. It is worth to optimize efficiency of energy. The objective of his study is to predict thermal diffusivity and conductivity of carrot. The value was determined numerically with direct and indirect methods. The result shows that thermal conductivity is 0.626 W/moC while thermal diffusivity are 2.51 x 10- m2/s (indirect method) and 2.08 x 10- 7 m2/s (direct method)

Lamhot P Manalu, Kamaruddin Abdullah
Read Statistic: 161