Main Article Content
Destructive impacts of herbicide usage on environment and water contamination have led to many researches oriented toward finding solutions for their accurate use. If density and weeds species could be correctly detected, patch spraying or spot spraying can effectively reduce herbicide usage. A precision automated machine vision for weed control could also reduce the usage of chemicals. Machine vision is a useful method for segmentation of different objects in agricultural applications, especially pattern recognition methods. Many indices have been investigated by researchers to perform weed segmentation based on color information of the images. But there is no research that aims to identify weed diversity and its influence on the consumption of herbicides. The purpose of this research is to build a system that can recognize weeds and plants. In this study the relation between three main components (red, green and blue) of the images and color feature extraction (Hue, Saturation, Intensity) used to define weeds and plants density. Fractal dimension used as the methode to define shape features to distinguish weeds and plants. Weeds and plants were segmented from background by obtaining H value and its shape was obtained by fractal dimension value. The results show fractal dimension value for weeds and plants has specific values. Corn plants have fractal dimension values in the range 1.148 to 1.268, peanut plants have fractal dimension values in the range 1.511 to 1.629, while the weeds have Fractal dimension values in the range 1.325 to 1.497.
Keywords: image processing, machine vision, weed control, fractal dimension
Diterima: 26 Juli 2010; Disetujui: 4 Oktober 2010
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).