Studi Tentang Pemisahan Aliran Dasar pada DAS di Wilayah UPT PSDA Pasuruan, Jawa Timur

Indarto -, Elda Novita, Sri Wahyuningsih, Hamid Ahmad, Muharjo Pudjojono

Abstract


Abstract

This research aims to determine the range of parameter value and to select the appropriate method for baseflow separation. Seven (7) recursive-digital-filters (RDF) and two (2) graphical methods were used for this study. Discharge data from 6 watersheds in the administrative area of UPT PSDA Pasuruan in East Java were used to test those nine (9) algorithms. Firstly, each method was calibrate using daily discharge data for each year (annually) to separate baseflow. Then, optimal parameter values are obtained by averaging the annual values. Calibration process produce optimal parameters value for each watershed. Furthermore, validation are effectued using optimal parameter values from Pekalen watershed’s to other watersheds. The result show that optimal parameter values from Pekalen could be used to separate baseflow in other watersheds. Results also recommend two algorithems (EWMA filter and fixed interval) to be used more frequently for baseflow seperation on this region.

Abstrak

Penelitian bertujuan untuk menentukan nilai range parameter dan memilih metode pemisahan yang dapat direkomendasikan untuk diterapkan pada DAS-DAS di wilayah provinsi Jawa Timur. Tujuh (7) metode berbasis filter atau Recursive-Digital-Filter (RDF) dan dua (2) jenis metode berbasis grafis digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Data debit harian (dari 1996 sd 2005) yang berasal dari 6 DAS pada wilayah UPT PSDA Pasuruan dipilih sebagai sampel pengujian. Kalibrasi dilakukan menggunakan data debit musimkemarau (bulan Juli - September) pada tiap tahun-nya dan diperoleh kisaran nilai parameter untuk tiap metode pada masing-masing DAS. Proses validasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan nilai parameter DAS Pekalen, untuk menentukan baseflow pada DAS lain. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai parameter dari DAS Pekalen dapat digunakan untuk menentukan aliran dasar (baseflow) pada DAS lain. Penelitian juga merekomendasikan filter EWMA dan metode grafis interval tetap (fixed interval) untuk digunakan di wilayah UPT PSDA Pasuruan.


Keywords


calibration,baseflow separation, graphical, recursive digital filter

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