ANALISIS BEBAN PENCEMAR DAN KAPASITAS ASIMILASI DI MUARA SUNGAI TONDANO TELUK MANADO

Irman Rumengan, Haeruddin Haeruddin, Pujiono Wahyu Purnomo

Abstract


The Tondano river estuary waters is located in the Manado city, North Sulawesi Province. Receiving inputs from rural, urban, hydropower, agriculture, plantation, livestock, and industrial activities is high enough to cause a decrease in the quality of Tondano river estuary waters. The aim of this research is to analyze the pollutant load from Tondano river and the assimilation capacity of Tondano river estuary waters. The study was conducted in December 2016 - January 2017 in the waters of the Tondano river estuary. The research method refers to the approach of measuring pollution load of river estuary. Multiplication of concentration of pollution variables with river flow discharge, calculation of assimilation capacity by making a graph of the relationship between pollutant concentration and pollutant load at river estuary, which then analyzed with water quality standard value for marine life based on Decree of State Minister of Environment Number 51 of 2004. The measurement results showed that the pollution load value of BOD5 was 261,473 mg/s, nitrate (NO3-N) of 0,747 mg/s, lead (Pb) of 0,747 mg/s, and phosphate (PO4-P) of 0,311 mg/s. The pollution load variable that has passed the assimilation capacity is NO3-N, PO4-P, and Pb, while the variable that has not passed the assimilation capacity is BOD5. From the results, it can be concluded that the waters of the Tondano river estuary have been polluted by NO3-N, PO4-P, and Pb contaminants. Water pollution control of Tondano river estuary needs to be done more tightly so that the potential of coastal and marine resources remain sustainable.


Keywords


Assimilation capacity; pollutant load; tondano river estuary

References


Andreson, D. M., P. M. Glibert, dan J. M. Burkholder, 2002. Harmful alga blooms and eutrophication:Nutrien source, composition, and consequence. Estuaries. 25(4B), pp. 704-726.

Asuhadi, S., 2006. Analisis Beban Pencemaran dan Kapasitas Asimilasi Kawasan Perairan Pelabuhan Tanjung Priok Jakarta Utara. [Tesis]. Sekolah Pascasarjana Institusi Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

BPS SULUT, 2016. Provinsi Sulawesi Utara dalam Angka 2016.

Brioso, B.C., J.C. Fernandez, A. Miras, J. Cornejo dan E.Galan, 2010. Multi-source water pollution in a higly anthropized wetland system associated with the estuary of Huelva (SW Spain). Marine Pollution Bulletin. 60. pp. 1259-1269.

Cheevaporn V. dan M. Piamsak, 2003. Water Pollution and habitat degradation in Gulf of Thailand. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 47, pp. 43-51.

Effendi, H., 2003. Telaah Kualitas Air; Bagi Pengelolaan sumberdaya dan lingkungan perairan. Penerbit Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

El-Kafrawy, S. B., A. Khalafallah, M. Omar. M.M. Khalil, A Yehia, dan M. Allam, 2015. An intergrate field and remote sensing approach for water quality mapping of lake Burullus, Egypt. Int.

Environment Canada, 2003. Canadian water quality guidelines for the protection of aquatic life: Nitrate ions. Ecosystem Health: Science-based Solutions Report No. 1-6. National Guidelines And Standards Office, Water Policy Coordination Directorate, Environment Canada. p. 115.

Green, R., T. Bianchi. M. Dagg, N. Walker, dan G. Bree, 2006. An organic carbon budged for The Mississippi River turbidity plum and plum contribution to air-sea CO2 fluexes and bottom water hypoxia. Estuar Coast. 29, pp. 579-97.

Hamzah., E. Hefni, R. Etty, Saharuddin, S. I. Nastiti, 2015. Pollution Load, Assimilative Capacity and Quality Status of Coastal Waters in Pomalla Nickel Mining Site of Southeast Sulawesi. International Journal of Research in Earth & Environmental Science. 3(3).

Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup . No 51 Tahun 2004. Baku Mutu Air Laut bagi Biota Laut.

Kibria, G., M. H. Md, M. Debbrota, T.C. Lau, W. Rudolf, 2016. Trace/heavy metal pollution monitoring in estuary and coastal area of Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh and implicated impacts. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 105, pp.393-402.

Looi J. L., Z. A. Ahmad, L. W. J. Wan, M. Y. Fatimah, dan H. Zailina, 2013. Baseline metals pollution profile of tropical estuaries and coastal waters of Straits of Malacca. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 74, pp. 471 - 476.

Marganof., K. D. Latifah, R. Etty, dan P. Bambang, 2007. Analisis Beban Pencemaran, Kapasitas Asimilasi dan Tingkat Pencemaran dalam Upaya Pengendalian Pencemaran Perairan Danau Maninjau. Jurnal Perikanan dan kelautan. 12(1), pp. 8- 14.

Narasiang, N. A., T. L. Markus, dan J. K. Nikson, 2015. Akumulasi Merkuri (Hg) pada Ikan di Teluk Manado. Jurnal Pesisir dan Laut Tropis. 1(1), pp. 8-14.

Nugroho, R., 2003. Pemanfaatan Mikroba Autotroph dalam Pengolahan Limbah Nitrat Konsentrasi Tinggi. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan, P3TL-BPPT. 4(3), 122-127.

Putri, W. A. E., 2010. Pencemaran Bahan Organik di Muara Sungai Batang Arau Padang Sumatera Barat. Maspari Jurnal. 1, 30-34.

Selayar, A. N., T. Sipriana, dan L. J .J. M. Lukas, 2015. Telaah Kandungan Logam Berat Merkuri (Hg) Di Sekitar Teluk Manado. Jurnal Budidaya Perairan. 3, pp.124-130.

Sembel, L., 2012. Analisis Beban Pencemaran dan Kapasitas Asimilasi di Estuari Sungai Belau Teluk Lampung. Maspari Journal. 4(2), 178-183.

Sofarini, D., R. Abdur dan R. Ichsan, 2010. Studi Analisis Pengujian Logam Berat Pada Badan Air, Biota dan Sedimen di Perairan Muara DAS Barito. Jurnal Bumi Lestari. 10(1), pp. 28-37.

Sutoyo, I. Hasan, Z. Muhammad, A. S. Noverina, A. Gita, T. Hitoshi, U. Makoto, dan K. Suichi, 2015. Modelling of the COD, TSS, Phosphate and Nitrate Distribution Due to the Sidoardjo Mud Flow into Porong River Estuary. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science. 14, pp. 144-151.

Tilaar, S., 2014. Analisis Pencemaran Logam Berat di Muara Sungai Tondano dan Muara Sungai Sario Manado Sulawesi Utara.

Undang-Undang Nomor 32 Tahun 2009. Tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jpsl.7.3.204-210

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management)




Editorial Office:
Pusat Penelitian Lingkungan Hidup (PPLH) 
Gedung PPLH Lantai 4 
Jl. Lingkar Akademik 
Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680 
Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Tel. +62-251-8621262, 8621085 
Fax. +62-251-8622134
E-mail: jpsl-ipb@apps.ipb.ac.id 


This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

JPSL visitor stats View JPSL Stats (since Jan 29th 2016)