Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht <p><strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika (JMHT, J Man Hut Trop)</strong> <span style="font-style: normal;">is a periodic scientific articles and conc</span><span style="font-style: normal;">eptual thinking of tropical forest management covering all aspects </span><span style="font-style: normal;">of forest planning, forest policy, forest resources utilization, forest ergonomics, forest ecology, forest inventory, silviculture, and management of regional ecosystems.</span></p> <p><span id="result_box" lang="en"><strong><span id="result_box" lang="en"><strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika</strong></span><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;</span></strong><span id="result_box" lang="en">has been</span><strong><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;</span></strong><span id="result_box" lang="en"><span class="hps atn">re-</span></span><span id="result_box" lang="en">accredited&nbsp;<strong><em><span class="hps">A</span></em></strong>&nbsp;from&nbsp;<span class="hps">the Directorate</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">General of</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">Higher Education</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">(DIKTI</span>)&nbsp;<span class="hps">through</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">the Decree of Directorate General</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">of Higher Education</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">No.</span></span><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;36a/E/KPT/2016.</span><strong><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika</strong> is indexed in <strong>SCOPUS</strong>, <strong>Emerging Sources Citation Index</strong>&nbsp;(Clarivate Analytics) since November 2017, also in&nbsp;<strong>Science and Technology Index 1</strong>&nbsp;(<strong>SINTA 1</strong>, SINTA is Indonesian Government official indexing body).&nbsp;<em><span class="hps"><span id="result_box" lang="en">S</span></span></em><span class="hps"><span id="result_box" lang="en">ince October 24th, 2018&nbsp;</span></span><span class="hps"><span id="result_box" lang="en"><strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika </strong>has been&nbsp;recognized as&nbsp;<strong>PERINGKAT 1</strong>&nbsp;journal based on the&nbsp;Directorate General of Research and Development Strengthening of Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education of Indonesian Republic (Decree No. 30/E/KPT/2018).</span></span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University) en-US Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 2087-0469 <strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika</strong> is an open access journal which means that all contents is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access. Ecological Aspects and Regeneration of Sugar Palm in the Sasak Community Gardens of Kekait Village, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/28545 <p><em>Sugar palm </em>(<em>Arenga pinnata Merr.</em>)<em> is one kind of palm that has multiple benefits on the Sasak community of Kekait Village. Despite its benefit, the information of sugar palm is barely unknown since the farmers depend on the nature cultivation. The Research aimed to analyze ecological aspects: composition, structure, the vegetation distribution, which includes the rate of regeneration and spatial distribution of sugar palm in the Sasak community garden in Kekait Village, West Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province. The methods employed in the research is a single plot method with randomly selected. Obtained data are being analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The research successfully identified 68 species of 30 families plant. The majority of species are Meliaceae and Anacardiaceae families. The highest IVI from seedlings, saplings, poles, and trees are A. pinnata </em>(<em>52.09%</em>)<em>, T. cacao </em>(<em>22.72%</em>)<em>, G. gnemon </em>(<em>91.49%</em>)<em>, D. zibethinus </em>(<em>80.19%</em>)<em>. The vegetation structures showed a well-developed structure. The vegetation distribution in the farmers' garden indicated a clustered pattern within three strata; B, C, and D strata. The regeneration level of A. pinnata categorized as fair sustainable with a clustered distribution pattern. The pattern is affected by the reproduction and distribution of A. pinnata seeds which carried out by Rinjani weasel (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus rinjanicus).&nbsp;</em></p> Anggit Haryoso Ervizal A. M. Zuhud Agus Hikmat Dudung Darusman Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 26 1 1 12 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.1 Guild Composition and Niche Overlap of Insectivorous Birds in Evergreen Rainforest http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/19080 <div class="grammarly-disable-indicator"> <p><em>A guild is a group of species that have similar requirements of resource and foraging behavior. The knowledge of insectivorous guild could explain foraging patterns, niche exploitation, and competition in a tropical forest. This information could help to monitor the forest by understanding the guild composition and their response to the habitat condition. In order to describe the guild composition and niche overlap of insectivorous birds, we observed all of the individual birds found foraging in the evergreen forest, Baluran National Park. Bray-Curtis similarity index and Pianka niche overlap index were used to analyze the data and grouping the birds into a guild. The cluster analysis consists of 27 bird species revealed 4 guilds: ground gleaner, foliage gleaner, aerial sallier, and bark prober. Based on species richness, foliage gleaner dominates the other groups while bark prober had the least species richness in the evergreen forest. The scarcities of feeding substrate affect guild existence and proved that the diversity of habitat substrate could affect the diversity of guild in an area. Ten congeneric species were found in this habitat and most of them are grouped into foliage gleaner. The junglefowl has the highest niche overlap than any other congeneric species. It seemed that the more specific the foraging substrate niche, the higher the competition among sympatric species. The level of congeneric/sympatric species competition could become the indicator to monitor a specific habitat or forest by understanding their niche partitioning, especially if the species is protected by the law.&nbsp;</em></p> </div> Hafiyyan Sastranegara Ani Mardiastuti Yeni Aryati Mulyani Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 26 1 13 20 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.13 The Polarization of Orientation on Cultural Land Utilization for Ecotourism Development Amongst the Local in Bali Aga of Mount Lesung Region http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/27795 <p><em>The ownership transfer and conversion of cultural lands are a long-standing crucial issue in the dynamics of tourism development in Bali, so efforts to build a harmonious orientation among stakeholders in creating sustainable cultural land utilizations are important. For that matter, this research was conducted to study the phenomenon of polarization orientation on cultural land utilization of ecotourism development in Bali Aga. The assessment of cultural land sustainability was conducted using One Score One Indicator Scoring System analysis, with research aspects including ownership, economic, ecological, socio-cultural and spatial aspects. Besides, the polarization of stakeholder orientation was measured through perception, motivation, and preference, then, it was analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Dunn Tests. The results of One Score One Indicator Scoring System analysis showed that the community has implemented various principles of sustainability in the utilization of cultural land in the Bali Aga region. The sustainable cultural land utilization in the Bali Aga region has not been fully achieved because the stakeholder orientation on various aspects and assessment criteria still experience polarization. Although the polarization orientation is still at the level of polarization scale, it can trigger future problems if the polarization is not well minimized by various stakeholder elements.</em></p> Putu Agus Haribawa Ricky Avenzora Harnios Arief Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 26 1 21 33 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.21 Traditional Farmers of Wamena Tribes in Jayapura-Indonesia http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/27970 <p><em>Traditional agriculture has a relationship with the culture of the local community that is the norms agreed upon by the ancestors related to the use of natural resources to meet the needs of daily life. This article aims to describe the traditional agricultural process of the Wamena people in Jayapura, Indonesia. The perspective used in analyzing traditional agricultural processes was the perspective of sustainable livelihoods of traditional communities in a development context. This research was done in a descriptive-qualitative manner by using primary and secondary data. The primary data was obtained from in-depth interviews. Meanwhile, the secondary data was obtained from observations and document studies. The results indicate that the traditional agricultural process of the Wamena Tribe in Jayapura was able to maintain the livelihoods of traditional communities based on the principles of sustainable development. This could be seen from several stages, such as access to land resources, land ownership, agrarian social relations, and gender issues in the division of traditional agricultural work of the Wamena people in Jayapura. This shows that the local wisdom in the cultural norms of the Wamena people could be used in environmentally friendly agricultural activities that did not have a conflict with the perspective of sustainable development.&nbsp; </em></p> Marthen Timisela Daniel D Kameo Neil Samuel Rupidara Roberth Siahainenia Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 26 1 34 43 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.34 Critical Factors and Institutional Role in Strengthening Capacity of National Parks: Analysis of Meru Betiri National Park, Indonesia Using Interpretative Structural Modeling http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/28180 <p><em>There are several factors suspected of ineffective rehabilitation and conservation of the Meru Betiri National Park. These important factors need to be identified to improve the management of the park. The purpose of this study was to identify and examine the relationship between the factors that influence the achievement of rehabilitation and conservation of the park. The method of this research used a systematic approach to be identified, analyzed, and explained the influential critical factors. Data and information collection was carried out through interviews with experts, management of Meru Betiri National Park, Jember Regency Government and then Focus Group Discussions with stakeholders and farmers. The information and data obtained were analyzed using Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM). The results showed the three critical factors in achieving the purpose of the programs, such as the synergy between the management of the park and Jember district government; availability of appropriate technology; and the development of institutional capacity for local communities, then the three critical factors of institutional role are Meru Betiri National Park; and Development Planning Agency of Jember Regency; and Higher Education. The implication of this study is a policy intervention is needed to improve the management of Meru Betiri National Park in the future.&nbsp;</em></p> Merry Muspita Dyah Utami Hari Rujito Hendra Yufit Riskiawan Didiek Hermanuadi Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 26 1 44 51 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.44 Community Forest Scheme: Measuring Impact in Livelihood Case Study Lombok Tengah Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/28499 <p><em>Community forest </em>(<em>Hutan Kemasyarakatan/HKm</em>)<em> is one of the social forestry scheme policies stipulated by the Indonesian government to give partial rights to the community to be able to manage the state forest area. This scheme has implemented for more than ten years, and that includes areas in Lombok Tengah Regency. This research aims to analyze the impact of social forestry scheme policies on the economy of communities around forests and conducted in May‚ÄďAugust 2019. By the HKm scheme, the community can manage up to 0.5 ha forest area per person and expected to increase livelihood benefits as well as improve conservation outcomes such as decreasing illegal logging and planting more trees. Based on the study conducted, the community has experienced an increase in livelihoods as well as improvements in environmental conditions. Indicator used in measuring community welfare is per capita income, which noted in the study area is IDR3,609,603 annually and inequality </em>(<em>Gini coefficient</em>)<em>, which noted less than 0.4 or in the 'low' category. This study shows that the Gini coefficient in the research location is high </em>(<em>0.530</em>)<em>. When compared, the income gap in the group of respondents who got the HKm program was better than the group of respondents who did not. The Gini coefficient data shows that the HKm program quite succeeds in target to increase livelihood benefits. The HKm program expected to improve the level of income inequality </em>(<em>Gini coefficient</em>)<em> from 0.483 </em>(<em>HKm</em>)<em> compared to 0.566 </em>(<em>non-HKm</em>)<em>. These findings are important messages to further the HKm scheme policies.</em></p> Eny Widiya Astuti Aceng Hidayat Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 26 1 52 58 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.52 The Institutional of Local Community and Stratification of Land Ownership in Surrounding Community Forests in Bogor http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/28553 <p><em>Management of forest resources cannot be separated from the character attributes of the community. In the arena of community forest action, access to forest resources, which is a people's livelihood, is an important element. The study aimed to analyze the performance of the local community attributes towards community welfare and examine the stratification of community land ownership. This research was carried out in the qualitative descriptive analysis. The results of the analysis showed that 41.56% of the community forest farming groups classified as land-owners. Based on the strata of land ownership showed that 70% in the third strata, which was land-ownership of less than 0.5 ha. This study concluded that the institutional of local community was relatively low because not effective in regulating community behavior. These indicated by the low performance achieved on the welfare of the community, the low ownership of the area of arable land, and the level of welfare of the local community falls into the category of poor and low community education.&nbsp;</em></p> Tatan Sukwika Dewi Nurhayati Yusuf Ichsan Suwandhi Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 26 1 59 71 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.59 Local Wisdom in Animal Conservation and Animal Use as Medicine of Orang Rimba in Bukit Duabelas National Park, Jambi http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29259 <p><em>Orang Rimba is an ethnic group consisting of several indigenous groups that live in harmony with nature. This study aims to analyze the local wisdom in animal conservation and differences in the use of animals as medicines of Orang Rimba groups </em>(<em>Makekal, Air Hitam, and Terap groups</em>)<em>. Data were collected through field observation and in-depth interviews with key persons. The results showed that local wisdom in animal conservation was indicated by the regulation in the use of animals through the stipulation that certain animals considered as gods must not be hunted, and that customary spaces use is prohibited. There were 68 animal species used for various needs, 20 species </em>(<em>29.41%</em>)<em> were used as medicines. The Makekal, Air Hitam, and Terap used 11 species, 9 species, and 4 species, respectively. Parts of animals used as medicines included the whole body, meat, bile, heart, and scale. They were used to treat various diseases such as fever, itchy, antidote, stamina, stomach ache, measles, heat sink, kidney diseases, asthma, and shortness of breath. The animals that were used as medicines included snake sapodilla </em>(<em>Malayopython reticulatus</em>)<em>, porcupine </em>(<em>Hystris sumatrae</em>)<em>, long-tailed monkey </em>(<em>Macaca fascicularis</em>)<em>, javan pangolin </em>(<em>Manis javanica</em>)<em>, three-striped squirrel </em>(<em>Callosciurus prevostii</em>)<em>, cave bat </em>(<em>Chiroptera sp.</em>)<em>, turtle/labi-labi </em>(<em>Dogania subplana</em>)<em>, and tapah fish </em>(<em>Wallago attu</em>)<em>. The local wisdom of Orang Rimba is indicated to changes such as the use of health facilities and modern medicines instead of animals as medicines and the shift of traditional orientation in animal use to the economy orientation.</em></p> Burhanuddin Masyud Nela Resta Felayati Tutut Sunarminto Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 26 1 72 79 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.72 Carving The Future of Nature Ecotourism in Indonesia: Case of Taman Wisata Alam Telogo Warno Telogo Pengilon http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/28919 <p><em>Indonesia has potential ecotourism spot</em><em>s</em><em> that are need to be utilized as well as to increase the value of forest benefits from the aspect of environmental services while maintaining the function of the area. </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>However, there are contraints in managing natural tourism in conservation areas according to the concept of sustainable tourism.&nbsp; This study focuses on the performance of sustainable nature tourism management applied in Taman Wisata Alam Telogo Warno Telogo Pengilon </em>(<em>TWA TWTP</em>)<em> that is carried out in the form of a partnership between the Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam </em><em>Jawa Tengah </em>(<em>Central Java Natur</em><em>al</em> <em>Resources </em><em>Conservation </em><em>Office</em><em>; BKSDA</em>)<em> and PT. Alam Indah Bonbin Lestari </em>(<em>AIBBL</em>)<em> as the holder of Ijin Usaha Penyediaan Sarana Wisata Alam (Business License for the Provision of Nature Tourism Facilities</em><em>;</em><em> IUPSWA).&nbsp; The results show positive improvement in the management of TWA TWTP.&nbsp; However, several issues that require immediate improvement still remain.&nbsp; In general, all of the aspects are categorized in to four scopes: </em>(<em>1</em>)<em> management of effective sustainable tourism destination, </em>(<em>2</em>)<em> the optimization of economic benefits for local communities, </em>(<em>3</em>)<em> the optimization of cultural preservation for the communities and visitors, and </em>(<em>4</em>)<em> environmental conservation.&nbsp; </em></p> Tri Satyatama Lies Rahayu Wijayanti Faida Ris Hadi Purwanto Chafid Fandeli Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-04-28 2020-04-28 26 1 80 89 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.80