Institutional Performance of Mining Reclamation in Forest Areas of East Kalimantan

Rina Kristanti, Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Bramasto Nugroho, Irdika Mansur

Abstract


The Indonesian Government accommodates the development of mining sector conducted in forest area based on Forestry Law Number 41/1999 by the scheme of Forest Leasehold License. Reclamation is required to remediate the degraded land caused by mining activity to restore forest structure and function. This study aimed to analyze the implementation of mining reclamation in East Kalimantan forest areas based on its institutional performance. This study is a descriptive qualitative study that implemented the institutional framework of Situation-Structure-Behavior-Performance. From the study, we found that there are 143,804.89 ha of forest area borrowed by 90 units of Forest Leasehold License for coal and mineral mining in East Kalimantan with reclamation progress reached 41.35% over the disturbed areas. Based on institutional performance analysis, it is identified that the challenges in mining reclamation in East Kalimantan forest areas related to regulation, low sanction enforcement, lack of budget, human resource and economic incentives, and the absence of low-cost technology for mining reclamation monitoring and evaluation. Therefore, development of proper regulations is urgently required to improve stakeholder behavior while enhancement of human resource, technology, and law enforcement are also urgent to improve institutional performance of mining reclamation.

Keywords: 


Keywords


reclamation; mining; externality; regulation; institutional

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ai-bin, Li., Mina, Z., & Ming-yin, L. (2009). Economic analysis and realization mechanism design for full cost of coal mining. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 1, 1686−1694. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeps.2009 .09.259

Anawar, H. Md. (2015). Sustainable rehabilitation of mining waste and acid mine drainage using geochemistry, mine type, mineralogy, texture, ore extraction and climate knowledge. Journal of Environmental Management, 158, 111−121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.04.045

Article 33. (2014). Research Report 2014: Analysis of lost potency of forest leasehold license for mining.

Azrin, D. (2016). Environmental aspects on coal mining in Indonesia. Forest reclamation in post mining land forum - Japan International Forestry Promotion, 4 February 2016. Jakarta.

Chang-sheng, J., Zhao-xue, C., & Qing-hua, C. (2009). Surface coal mining practice in China. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Mining Science & Technology. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 1(1), 76−80.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeps.2009.09.014

Creswell, J. W. (2016). Pendekatan metode kualitatif, kuantitatif, dan campuran. Translated from: Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mix method approach (4th ed.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Dariah, A., Abdulrachman, A., & Subardja, D. (2009). Reklamasi lahan eks-penambangan untuk perluasan areal pertanian. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan, 4(1).

[DG Mineral and Coal] Directorate General of Mineral and Coal, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource. (2015). Annual report 2015.

Doley, D., Audet, P., & Mulligan, D. R. (2012). Examining the Australian context for post-mined land rehabilitation: Reconciling a paradigm for the development of natural and novel ecosystems among post-disturbance landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 163, 85−93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2012.04.022

Fahruddin, & Abdullah, A. (2013). Dinamika populasi bakteri pada sedimen yang diperlakukan dengan air asam tambang. Jurnal Alam dan Lingkungan, 4(7), 39−44.

Fischer, A., Petersen, L., Feldkötter, C., & Huppert W. 2007. Sustainable governance of natural resources and institutional change-an analytical framework. Public Administration and Development, 27, 123−137. https://doi.org/10.1002/pad.442

Gossum, P. V., Arts, B., & Verheyen, K. (2012). “Smart regulation”: Can policy instrument design solve forest policy aims of expansion and sustainability in Flanders and the Netherlands? Forest Policy and Economics, 16, 23−34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2009.08.010

Gradinaru, G. (2014). A business perspective of a natural capital restoration. Procedia Economics and Finance, 10, 97−103. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671 (14)00282-2

Gunarto, T., Darusman, D., Sutjahjo, S. H., & Ramdan, H. (2009). Analisis pengembangan kelembagaan asuransi lingkungan. Jurnal Bisnis & Manajemen, 6(1), 13−29.

Hall, D. (1987). Reclamation planning for coal strip-mined lands in Montana. Landscape and Urban Planning, 14, 45−55. https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-2046(87)90005-3

Hirons, M., Hilson, G., Asase, A., & Hodson, M. E. (2013). Mining in a changing climate: what scope for forestry-based legacies? Journal of Cleaner Production, 8, 430−438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.11.025

Kumar, N. P. (2014). Review on sustainable mining practice. International Research Journal of Earth Sciences, 2(10), 26−29.

Lin-lin, C., & Zhen-qi, H. (2009). Economic-theory-based analysis of the collection standard of mine land reclamation bond and its calculation approach. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 1, 1275−1279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeps.2009.09.197

Mansur, I. (2017). Mengembalikan produktivitas lahan bekas tambang di Indonesia. Forest Digest Edisi ke-3.

[MoEMR] Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource. (2018). Handbook of Energy & Economic Statistic of Indonesia. Jakarta: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resouce.

Muis, H., Jaya, I N. S., Saleh, B., & Murtilaksono, K. 2016. Information required for estimating the indicator of forest reclamation success in ex-coal mining area. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 3(1), 182−193.

Nasir, S., Purba, M., & Sihombing, O. (2014). Pengolahan air asam tambang dengan menggunakan membran keramik berbahan tanah liat, tepung jagung dan serbuk besi. Jurnal Teknik Kimia , 3(20), 22−30.

Nopyandri. (2014). Penerapan prinsip Good Environmental Governance dalam rangka perlindungan dan pengelolaan lingkungan hidup. Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 80−94.

Nugroho, B. (2016). Kelembagaan, karakteristik sumberdaya dan perilaku aktor: Analisis kritis kinerja kebijakan pengelolaan hutan Indonesia. [Orasi ilmiah guru besar IPB.]. Bogor: IPB University.

Ostrom E. (1990). Governing the commons: The evolution of institution for collective actions. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Peck, P., & Sinding, K. (2009). Financial assurance and mine closure: Stakeholder expectations and effects on operating decisions. Resource Policy, 34, 227−233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j/resourpol.2009.03.001

Pohan, C. A. (2014). Cadangan reklamasi pertambangan sebagai loopholes pajak dalam penerapan prinsip taxability-deductibility. Transparansi: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi, 6(2), 181−198.

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2012). Resource manual for nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. (9th ed.) Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Rosli, A., & Rossi, F. (2014). Explaining the gap between policy aspirations and implementation: The case of university knowledge transfer policy in the United Kingdom. CIMR Research Working Paper Series No. 20.

Saria, L. (2016). Environmental protection of mineral and coal in Indonesia. Paper presented at the Forest Reclamation in Post Mining Land Forum-Japan International Forestry Promotion, 4 February 2016. Jakarta, Indonesia.

Sartika, E. (2014). Analisis isi kualitatif pesan moral dalam film berjudul “Kita versus Korupsi”. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 2(2), 63−77.

Schmid, A. A. 1987. Property, power and public choice. An inquiry into law and economics (2nd ed.). New York: Praeger.

Statistics Indonesia. (2018). Statistics Indonesia 2018.

Suryanto, & Fernandes, A. (2010). Sosial ekonomi reklamasi batubara. status riset reklamasi bekas tambang batubara. Samarinda: Balai Besar Penelitian Dipterokarpa.

Syaprudin, Bakrie, I., & Kamarubayana, L. (2014). Pinjam pakai kawasan hutan dan realisasi pemanfaatannya oleh PT Mahakam Sumber Jaya di Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara Provinsi Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Agrifor, 13(1), 93−104.

Zubayr, M. (2014). Implementasi kebijakan penggunaan kawasan hutan untuk pertambangan: Perspekstif hubungan Principal-Agent Relations [dissertation]. Bogor: IPB University.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.25.2.69

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN : 2087-0469

E-ISSN : 2089-2063

Creative Commons License
This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


visitors since November 2016