Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr <p>Journal of Management &amp; Agribusiness (JMA) publishes articles in agribusiness management &nbsp;fields such as agribusiness competitiveness, value chain of agribusiness, supply chain of agribusiness, and strategic agribusiness issues. JMA is published by School of Business,&nbsp;Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB) associated with Indonesian Society of Agricultural&nbsp;Economics (PERHEPI/ISAE). JMA was first published at the beginning of 2004 with twice per year in frequency on march and october. Since 2012, JMA has been published three times per year on March, July and November. Editor receives articles of empirical research and reviews in agribusiness management.</p> <p>JMA is a peer reviewed journal that has been <strong>Accredited&nbsp;</strong>by Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE), Republic of Indonesia No 12/M/Kp/IE/2015 which is valid for 5 (five) years since enacted on 11 May 2015. Base on&nbsp;Directorate General of Research and Development Strengthening, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia No 30/E/KPT/2018 JMA get <strong>ranked 2 accredited (SINTA 2)</strong>&nbsp;status.</p> <p>JMA has been registered in <strong>Crossref (since 2015), ACI - ASEAN Citation Index, DOAJ, Indonesian Publication Index (IPI), SINTA Rank 2, Google Scholar, </strong>and other scientific databases.&nbsp;</p> <p>Editors can revise the paper without changing the substance and content after a blind review process. The articles sent by the author must be an original script and is not being considered for publication by other journal or publishers.</p> <p>P-ISSN: <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1180428118&amp;1&amp;&amp;">1693-5853</a><br>E-ISSN: <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1416204681&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2407-2524</a></p> <p>Download the <a href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=1FaIZjInXQQDJCaS7P0CI02MVrCTP6hjy">Submissions Guidelines&nbsp;</a> and <a href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=164hotGcBgjyCYEqC0SReLbOJmdqfNv1H" target="_self">Author Guidelines</a></p> <p>______________________________________________________________</p> <p><strong><span style="color: blue;"><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;<strong><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;</strong> JMA started in 2018 only&nbsp;receives articles&nbsp;using english&nbsp;<strong><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;</strong><strong><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;</strong></span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="color: blue;">______________________________________________________</span></strong></p> School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB) en-US Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 1693-5853 <p><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;">Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</span></p><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a style="text-decoration: none !important; color: #3b5998 !important;" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a style="text-decoration: none !important; color: #3b5998 !important;" href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> The Effect of The European Union Biomass Regulation and Export Taxation on Palm Oil Export http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/26859 <p>The European Union is one of the world's largest markets for palm oil products. This study used the gravity models theory to analyze the potential changes of palm oil trade flow from Indonesia and Malaysia with a focus destination countries to the European Union. The focus of the study is to analyze the decreasing or increasing trade flow of palm oil due to the biomass regulation changes in the European Union and the export tax on palm oil. The research model involved 85 percent of the global palm oil market which is 61 countries of refined palm oil (RPO) consumers and 23 countries of crude palm oil (CPO) consumers over the period dating from 2006 to 2018. The two types of palm oil export products are clearly distinguished to see the different changes in both types of products trade flow due to the influential factors. The gravity model for analyzing data uses OLS and PPML regression. The results show that the CPO export tax has a significant positive impact on RPO exports but does not have a significant impact on CPO exports. Similar analysis results occur in the variable of biomass regulation change in the European Union, which has a significant negative impact on RPO exports but does not have a significant impact on CPO exports.</p> <p>Keywords: biodiesel, biomass regulation, export tax, gravity model</p> Azwar Annas Suharno Rita Nurmalina Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 17 1 1 1 10.17358/jma.17.1.1 Factors Affecting Crowdfunding Investor Number in Agricultural Projects: The Dummy Regression Model http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/30765 <p>As an important sector in the Indonesian economy, the low capital problems in agriculture should be solved. Crowdfunding is one of the solutions gaining modal from society. This agricultural investment could be an attractive personal asset, too. But, no information yet about the complete characteristics of agricultural projects that fetching the people's participation to invest. Hence, the aim of this research is to find out the factors that influence people's participation in agricultural business investment with crowdfunding schemes. The quantitative data collected from 468 agricultural projects held by agricultural business startup PT. XYZ was analyzed. The six characteristics of the project are role as independents factors. They were project types (loans and profit sharing), project fields (agriculture, livestock, and fisheries), project risk (low, moderate, and high), project duration, the amount of capital needed and profit assumption. All the factors have been analyzed by a multiple regression model to estimate the number of investors. The results showed that the number of crowdfunding agriculture-based projects investor can be modeled by dummy regression. The longer project duration will decrease the number of investors by 0.577 people. The higher risk of the project will lower the number of investors. Based on the projects field, the most interesting projects are the livestock project, followed by agriculture and the last is the fisheries project. Overall, the project period, project risk and project field are the factors that influence people's participation in agricultural business investment with crowdfunding schemes. In the future, crowdfunding livestock projects with a short implementation period (around 3 months), and low risk can be sought so that more people participate in becoming investors.</p> <p>Keywords: crowdfunding, agriculture project, agricultural investment, multiple regression model, dummy regression</p> Yunita Siti Mardhiyyah Mohammad Arif Rasyidi Lailatul Hidayah Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 17 1 14 14 10.17358/jma.17.1.14 Manpower Planning in The Application of Teat Dipping To Control Sub Clinical Mastitis in The Small Dairy Farms http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/30766 <p>The application of teat dipping to control subclinical mastitis especially in small dairy farms is important; however, the application needs additional activity that has an impact on labor usage. This paper aimed to describe the labor usage to apply teat dipping for subclinical mastitis control in the small dairy farms. The convenience sampling techniques applied to select 34 farmers in Bogor as the respondents. Workload analysis and labor productivity were used in examining the application of dot dipping in various small dairy farms in Bogor City to control subclinical mastitis. This study was based on two types of experiments in small dairy farms in Bogor, West Java, namely teat dipping and without teat dipping. The findings show that the application of teat dipping had an impact on three things, namely an increase in labor usage and its workload, an increase in labor productivity and a decrease in the number of subclinical mastitis prevalence. This study concluded that labor was an important factor to control subclinical mastitis in small dairy farms. An increase in labor productivity had an impact on reducing the costs of mastitis treatment and finally increase farmer’s income.</p> <p>Keywords: mastitis, labor, small dairy farms, teat dipping, workload analysis</p> Raden Isma Anggraini Etih Sudarnika Herwin Pisestyani Ardilasunu Wicaksono Mirnawati Sudarwanto Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 17 1 26 26 10.17358/jma.17.1.26 Root Cause Analysis on Development of Sustainable Fisheries Business in Indonesia http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/30767 <p>The development of the capture fisheries sector is significant to improve the national economy, but the development of this sector needs to be regulated to create a sustainable business and ecology of capture fisheries. This study aims to examine the development of the sustainable fisheries sector in Indonesia. This research uses descriptive qualitative method by collecting data from literature studies and focus group discussions (FGD). This study was further analyzed using root cause analysis (RCA). Based on these results, the policy recommendation was obtained to realize sustainable fisheries in Indonesia. This policy recommendation also needs to be supported by government support, such as forming a fishery platform that serves as a mediator for stakeholders so that the policy that is created will positively impact the stakeholders from upstream to downstream.</p> <p>Keywords: capture fisheries, strategy, sustainability, root cause analysis (RCA)</p> Nimmi Zulbainarni Nur Ifra Khumaera Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 17 1 33 33 10.17358/jma.17.1.33 Vertical Price Transmission in Soybean, Soybean Oil, and Soybean Meal Markets http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/29789 <p>Soybean is becoming a prominent agricultural industry due to its versatility of use as inputs for different industrial sectors. Soybean products have a high value and are profitable since its huge supply and wide demand. The soybean economic value does belong to the commercial use of its joint products, soybean meal, and soybean oil. Joint product theory assumes the price of soybeans can be represented as a weighted average of returns from soybean meal and soybean oil less than the processing margin. This indicates there are price relationships between soybean as a raw product towards its meal and oil through crush processing. Therefore, the objective of this research is to investigate the price transmission between these three products and analyzed factors that influencing them. Monthly time series data in respect of international prices were obtained. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test and the Johansen cointegration technique were utilized to test the stationarity and the long-run relationship between three variables respectively. The result indicates the existence of one cointegrating long-run equilibrium relationship between these variables. The Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) estimates revealed that soybean price is the only one that reacts to correct equilibrium since oil and meal have huge markets.</p> <p>Keywords: soybean, soybean meal, soybean oil, joint product, VECM</p> Josua Desmonda Simanjuntak Stephan von Cramon-Taubadel Nunung Kusnadi Suharno Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 17 1 42 42 10.17358/jma.17.1.42 Policy Analysis of Mango's Agribusiness Development (A Case in Cikedung District, Indramayu Regency) http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/28905 <p>Mango is a popular commodity with local demand and exports are quite high each year. However, there is a fluctuation of land tenure area and the number of mango trees in Cikedung district, Indramayu regency that can affect the quantity of mango produced by farmers. This study aims to analyze the policies that have been carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia related to the development of mango agribusiness and compile policy recommendations for developing mango agribusiness in Cikedung District, Indramayu Regency. The method used in this research is a survey method to 130 respondents. Data analyzed using the descriptive statistics analysis and Tinbergen model. The results showed that the type of government policies that has been accepted by some mango farmers in Cikedung district is very limited, the only grant of mango seed. The development of mango agribusiness policy that can be used to increase the land tenure area so that it impacts on increasing quantity of mango harvest, namely grant of agricultural production, land lease, seed grant, price subsidy of agricultural production facilities, and capital loans.</p> <p>Keywords: policy analysis, agribusiness development, mango farming, land area, Tinbergen model</p> Elly Rasmikayati Ellisa Agri Elfadina Rani Andriani Budi Kusumo Bobby Rachmat Saefudin Supriyadi Supriyadi Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 17 1 52 52 10.17358/jma.17.1.52 Competitive Analysis of The Sumatra Rubber Industry in Asean Free Market http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/30768 <p>The objectives of this research are to analyze (1) competitiveness and potential market attractiveness and business strength of rubber Sumatran in the ASEAN Market (2) Factors affect the Sumatran rubber industry competitiveness in the ASEAN market. The type of data used for this research development is primary and secondary data. Primary data were obtained from stakeholders, both exporters and producers in the rubber industry around North Sumatra and Riau. This research is using EPD and SEM PLS analysis methods. The Results of the RCA index shows that Indonesia ranks second after Vietnam for competitiveness. EPD analysis method shows that rubber and other rubber products are on the Lost Opportunity position in the ASEAN market. On the other hand, SEM PLS shows that in six latent variables, there are four variables that have an impact on Sumatran rubber industry competitiveness, two variables have a positive effect while the other two variables have a negative effect.</p> <p>Keywords: rubber Sumatran, ASEAN Market, competitiveness and potential market, SEM PLS, RCA</p> Widyastutik Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 17 1 63 63 10.17358/jma.17.1.63 Digital Marketing Strategy of Small and Medium Enterprises for Snack in Bogor City http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/30423 <p>Snack MSME (Micro, Small &amp; Medium Enterprises) is one of the business unit categories that has great potential to be developed at this moment. This study aimed to formulate digital marketing alternative strategies for snack MSME in Bogor. This study began with the analysis of respondent characteristics, both for MSME respondents and consumer respondents. The next step was an analysis of marketing strategies of snack MSME and consumer online purchasing behavior pattern This study also analyzed consumer satisfaction level to MSME digital marketing performance with Importance Performance Analysis, while also mapping consumer preferences based on digital marketing mix. The final step was to develop a digital marketing strategy based on the 4C marketing mix. This research resulted in eleven digital marketing strategies, which were increasing the durability of snack food products, providing a variety of diverse product flavors, designing attractive packaging and brand appearance, providing information on products nutritional value, determining affordable prices, utilizing appropriate information media, choosing appropriate promotional media, creating attractive promotions for consumers, displaying consumer testimonials, displaying honest pictures and product descriptions, and providing various types of the payment instrument.</p> <p>Keywords: consumer online snack purchasing behavior, marketing mix 4C, snack MSME, digital marketing strategy</p> Aulia Ratnadianti Idqan Fahmi Sufrin Hannan Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-05-15 2020-05-15 17 1 74 74 10.17358/jma.17.1.74 Germany-Indonesia Agricultural Trade: Recent Development and Possible Future Directions http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/30414 <p>To understand the recent development and to anticipate the future directions and trends of agricultural trade between Germany and Indonesia, this study analyzed the data of agricultural trade between the Germany and Indonesia. The major agricultural commodities that are traded between those countries are crude palm oil (CPO) and skimmed milk powder (SMP). There were public policies and environmentalist group movements that may have influenced the agricultural trade volumes within the period. This study identified those two factors. This study also identified possible future directions and trends of agricultural trade between the two countries. It analyzed the data ranged from 2001 to 2018, which were obtained from ITC Trade Map and analyzed using multiple regression models. The findings were in 2001-2018, the CPO and SMP trade between those countries showed an upward trend. However, it was predicted in the future that the public policies and environmentalist group movements might cause the agricultural trade to decrease. The world production quantity of CPO and the production of CPO in Indonesia had a significant effect on the German import from Indonesia, whereas the production quantity of milk in Indonesia and the GDP of Indonesia had a significant impact on the German export to Indonesia. The future directions and trend of German CPO import from Indonesia and German SMP export to Indonesia show an increase both for quantity and value.</p> <p>Keywords: agricultural trade, recent development, future directions</p> Anastasia Asri Widyasari Stephan von Cramon-Taubadel Suharno Rita Nurmalina Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 17 1 86 86 10.17358/jma.17.1.86 Comparative Analysis of Dairy Farming Management and Business Model Between East Java and West Java, Indonesia http://dthh.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/30769 <p>Milk is an essential commodity because the Government of Indonesia aimed to increase domestic milk production up to 50% by 2020. At the present, domestic milk production in Indonesia is only able to fulfill 20% of national milk demand. East Java and West Java Provinces are the main producers of milk in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to compare dairy farming management and business model between East Java and West Java, Indonesia. This study employed descriptive statistical and quantitative analyses. The dairy farming management questionnaire survey was conducted in May-July 2016 and the dairy business model survey was conducted in October-November 2018. There were no significant differences in dairy farming activities between farmers in Lembang and Malang whereas the average number of lactating cows is 5 and 3 heads, respectively. Farmers received farm gate price of Rp4,622 per liter in Lembang and Rp4,535 per liter in Malang. Based on net return over cash variable cost, farmers in Malang and Lembang earned around 20 percent from the milk price. There were six inclusive business models (IBMs) identified between smallholder farmers, cooperatives, and private companies with different characteristics have been implemented in East Java and West Java. It is suggested that cooperative improves its role in the integrated agribusiness system in order to improve the bargaining position of dairy farmers as well as in terms of cost-efficiency. The strategies and policies should be implemented to support development of sustainable, profitable and smallholder-inclusive dairy supply chains in East Java and West Java.</p> <p>Keywords: inclusive business model, integrated agribusiness system, dairy farming, milk production, net return</p> Siti Jahroh Juniar Atmakusuma Harmini Achmad Fadillah Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 17 1 96 96 10.17358/jma.17.1.96