Hubungan Orang Tua-Guru dan Praktik Pengasuhan Ibu pada Keluarga yang Memiliki Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus

Siti Fathonah, Neti Hernawati

Abstract


Mothering practices and support form surrounding environment are needed to stimulate special need children.
This research aimed to analyze the correlation of relationships parent-teacher and mothering practices, in families
with special need children. The research involved mother and teacher of 30 students aged 7-12 years from two
Extraordinary School in West Bogor and South Bogor Sub District, Bogor City. The sample selected using
purposive method. The result showed that there were positive correlation between the length parent’s education
and the per capita income of the family with the dimensions of maternal consistency. In addition, the parentteacher
relationship had a positive correlation with mother-child relationship at home.The result also found that
the length of the parent’s education has a positive correlation with the dimension of sharing information.
Furthermore, according to the teacher's perception, the mother’s age has a positive correlation with the dimension
of dependability and availability of both parties. But on the contrary, there are negative correlation between the
longer the father’s education with the dimensions of feeling of affiliation and support. And also the children’s age
has a negative correlation with the dimensions of sharing information.


Full Text:

PDF

References


[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. (2015). Presentase penduduk penyandang disabilitas usia 10 tahun ke atas menurut provinsi tahun 2015 [internet]. Diambil dari: https://lokadata.beritagar.id/chart/preview/persentase-penduduk-penyandang-disabilitas-usia-10-tahun-ke-atas-menurut-provinsi-1486717863. [diunduh Juli 2018].

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. (2015). Garis Kemiskinan Kota Bogor tahun 2012-2015. Bogor: Badan Pusat Statistik. Diambil dari: https://bogorkota.bps.go.id/statictable/2018/05/14/94/jumlah-dan-persentase-penduduk-miskin-garis-kemiskinan-indeks-kedalaman-dan-indeks-keparahan-kemiskinan-2012-2015.html. [diunduh Mei 2018].

Bauminger, N., Kasari, C. (2000). Loneliness and friendship in high‐functioning children with autism. Child development, 71(2), 447-456.

Berry, R.A.W. (2006). Inclusion, power, and community: teachers and students interpret the language of community in an inclusion classroom. American Educational Research Journal, 43(3), 489- 529. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3102/00028312043003489.

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1994). Ecological models of human development. International Encyclopedia of Education, 3(2), 37-43.

Carter, A.S., Davis, N.O., Klin, A., Volkmar, F.R. (2005). Social development in autism. Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, 1, 312-334. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470939345.ch11.

Chadwick, O., Kusel, Y., Cuddy, M. (2008). Factors associated with the risk of behaviour problems in adolescents with severe intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 52, 864–876. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01102.x.

Chamberlain, B.O. (2001). Isolation or involvement? the social networks of children with autism included in regular classes (Tesis). University of California, Los Angeles, US.

Coleman, M. (2013). Empowering Family-Teacher Partnership Building Connections within Diverse Communities. Los Angeles, US: Sage Publication.

Davis-Kean, P.E. (2005). The influence of parent education and family income on child achievement: The indirect role of parental expectations and the home environment. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(2), 294-304.

Doll, E.A. (1936). Preliminary standardization of the Vineland Social Maturity Scale. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 6(2), 283-293. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-0025.1936.tb05235.x

Elmanora, Hastuti, D., Muflikhati, I. (2015). Kesejahteraan keluarga dan kualitas lingkungan pengasuhan pada anak usia prasekolah. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 8(2), 96-105. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2015.8.2.96

Esquivel, S.L., Ryan, C.S., Bonner, M. (2008). Involved parents’s perceptions of their experiences in school-based team meetings. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 18, 234–258. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10474410802022589.

Fantuzzo J, Tighe E, Childs S. 2000. Family involvement questionnaire: A metaanalysis. Educational Psychology Review. 13: 1-22. DOI: 10.1023/A:1009048817385.

Hastuti, D. (2015). Pengasuhan: Teori dan Prinsip serta Aplikasinya di Indonesia. Bogor, ID: IPB Press

Hastuti, D., Fiernanti, D.Y.I., Guhardja, S. (2011). Kualitas lingkungan pengasuhan dan perkembangan sosial emosi anak usia balita di daerah rawan pangan. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 4(1), 57-65. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2011.4.1.57

Herring, S.E., Gray, K.M., Taffe, J., Tonge, B.J., Sweeney, D.J., Einfeld, S.L. (2006). Behaviour and emotional problems in toodlers with a pervasive developmental disorder and developmental delay: Associations with parental mental health and family functioning. Journal of Intelectual Disability Research, 50, 874-882. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00904.x.

Hughes, J.N., Kwok, O.M., (2007). Influence of student-teacher and parent-teacher relationships on lower achieving readers’ engagement and achievement in the primary grades. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99(1), 39-51. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.99.1.39

Kaplan, H.I., Sadock, B.J., Grebb, J.A. (2004). Sinopsis Psikiatri. Jilid Satu. Edisi Ketujuh. Alih Bahasa: Widjaja Kusuma. Jakarta, ID: Binarupa Aksara.

[Kemdikbud] Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (2017). Siswa penyandang disabilitas berdasarkan provinsi tahun 2017/2018. Diambil dari https://lokadata.beritagar.id/chart/preview/siswa-penyandang-disabilitas-berdasarkan-provinsi-1520847488. [diunduh Juli 2018].

[Kemenkes] Kementerian Kesehatan. (2014). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) Tahun 2013. Diambil dari http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/general/Hasil%20Riskesdas%202013.pdf. [diunduh Februari 2018].

Koster, M., Han, N., Sip, J.P., Els, V.H. (2009). Being part of the peer group: a literature study focusing on the social dimension of inclusion in education. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 13, 117–40.

Krasny, L., Williams, B.J., Provencal, S., Ozonoff, S. (2003). Social skills interventions for the autism spectrum: Essential ingredients and a model curriculum. Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 12(1), 107–122. DOI: 10.1016/S1056-4993(02)00051-2.

Lin, L.Y. (2011). Factors associated with caregiving burden and maternal pessimism in mothers of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder in taiwan. Occupational Therapy International, 18, 96–105.

Mand, J. (2007). Social position of special needs pupils in the classroom: a comparison between German special schools for pupils with learning difficulties and integrated primary school classes. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 22(1), 7-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08856250601082182.

Mazzucchelli, T.G., Hodges, J., Kane, R.T., Sofronoff, K., Sanders, M.R., Einfeld, S., Tonge, B., Gray, K.M. (2018). Parenting and family adjustment scales (PAFAS): validation of a brief parent-report measure for use with families who have a child with a developmental disability. Research In Developmental Disabilities, 72, 140-151. DOI: http://doi.10.1016/j.ridd.2017.10.011.

Miranda, D. (2013). Strategi coping dan kelelahan emosional (emotional exhaustion) pada ibu yang memiliki anak berkebutuhan khusus (studi kasus di rumah sakit jiwa Daerah Atma Husada Mahakam Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur. eJournal Psikologi, 1(2), 123-135.

Montes, G., Halterman, J.S. (2006). Characteristis of school-age children with autism. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 27, 379-385.

Priatini, W., Latifah, M., Guhardja, S. (2008). Pengaruh tipe pengasuhan, lingkungan sekolah, dan peran teman sepermainan terhadap kecerdasan emosional remaja. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, 1(1), 43-53.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24156/jikk/2008.1.1.43.

Puspitasari, R. (2016). Pengaruh pola asuh disiplin dan spiritual, serta kecerdasan spiritual ibu terhadap karakter anak usia sekolah dasar di pedesaan (Tesis). Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia.

Ragaldo, M., Harvinder, S., Inkelas, M., Wissow, L.S., Halfon, N. (2004). Parents’ discipline of young children: results from the national survey of early childhood health. Pediatrics, 113(5), 1952–1958.

Reiss, D. (1969). Individual thinking and family interaction iv. A study of information exchange in families of normals, those with character disorders, and schizophrenics. The journal of nervous and mental disease, 149(6), 473–490. DOI:10.1097/00005053-196912000-00003

Rentinck, I.C., Ketelaar, M., Jongmans, M.J., Gorter, J.W. (2007). Parents of children with cerebral palsy: a review of factors related to the process of adaptation. Child: Care, Health and Development, 33, 161–169. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2006.00643.x.

Renty, J., Roeyers, H. (2006). Satisfaction with formal support and education for children with autism spectrum disorders: the voices of the parents. Child: Care, Health and Development, 32(3), 371–385. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2006.00584.x.

Sanders, M.R., Morawska, A., Haslam, D.M., Filus, A., Fletcher, R. (2014). Parenting and family adjusment scale (PAFAS): Validation of a brief parent-Report measure for use in assessment of parenting skills and family relationships. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 45, 255-272. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-013-0397-3.

Santrock, J.W. (2007). Perkembangan Anak. Rachmawati M, Kuswanti A, penerjemah; Hardani W, editor. Edisi ke-11 Jilid II. Jakarta (ID): Erlangga. Terjemahan dari: Child Development. Ed ke-11.

Sheridan, S.M., Bovaird, J.A., Glover, T.A., Garbacz, S.A., Witte, A., Kwon, K. (2012). A randomized trial examining the effects of conjoint behavioral consultation and the mediating role of the parent-teacher relationship. School Psychology Review, 41(1), 23-46.

Singh, N., Lancioni, G.E., Winton, A.S.W., Fisher, B.,Wahler, R., McAleavey, K., Singh, J. & Sabaawi, M. (2006) Mindful parenting decreases aggression, noncompliance, and self-injury in children with autism. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 14(3), 169–177. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/10634266060140030401

Spann, S.J., Kohler, F.W., Soenksen, D. (2003). Examining parents’s involvement in and perceptions of special education services: an interview with families in a parent support group. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 18(4), 228–237. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/10883576030180040401

Syriopoulou-Delli, C.K., Cassimos, D.C., Polychronopoulou, S.A. (2016). Collaboration between teachers and parents of children with ASD on issues of education. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 55, 330–345. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.04.011.

Turnbull, H.R., Wilcox, B.L., Stowe, M.J. (2002). A brief overview of special education law with focus on autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(5), 479-493.

Vickers, H.S., Minke, K.M. (1995). Exploring parent-teacher relationships: joining and communication to others. School Psychology Quarterly, 10(2), 133-150.

Woodman, A.C., Mawdsley, H.P., Hauser-Cram, P. (2015). Parenting stress and child behaviour problems within families of children with developmental disabilities: transactional relations across 15 years. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 36, 264–276. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2014.10.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2018.11.3.219

==============================================================================================

Editorial Office

JURNAL ILMU KELUARGA & KONSUMEN
Department of Family and Consumer Sciences
Faculty of Human Ecology
Bogor Agricultural University
Jl. Lingkar Akademik, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia
Postal Code 16680
Phone/Fax. (0251) 8627432
Website: http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jikk/index
E-mail: jurnal.ikk@gmail.com

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.