Deteksi dan Identifikasi Ditylenchus dipsaci dari Umbi Bawang Putih Impor
Detection and Identification of Ditylenchus dipsaci from Imported Garlic Bulbs
Importation rate of garlic (Allium sativum) increased significantly in Indonesia lately. This situation may lead to the introduction and spread of quarantine pests, one of them is bulbborne nematode Ditylenchus dipsaci. This research is aimed to detect and identify the presence of D. dipsaci on imported garlic bulb from China. Samples of garlic bulbs were taken from imported garlic through Tanjung Priok Sea Port, North Jakarta, within importation period from August to December 2017. Nematode extraction was performed by modified Baermann funnel method. Nematode identification was carried out based on the D. dipsaci key morphological characters and morphometry according to de Man formula. This nematode was successfully detected from 20% of garlic bulbs samples based on morphological characteristics, i.e. slender body shape, body length between 0.56 until 1 mm, well-defined stylet (10-13 mm in length), posterior valve between oesophagus and intestine is not overlapping, median bulb obvious with oval shape, and the tail was conoid with a pointed terminus. The findings of D. dipsaci is an important fact because these nematodes have the potential to cause damage to plants in the field.
Authors who publish in Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors submitting manuscripts should understand and agree that copyright of manuscripts published are held by Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia. Copyright encompass exclusive rights to reproduce, to distribute, and to sell any part of the journal articles in all form and media. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media will be allowed only with a written permission from Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work, with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.